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USS TRITON was laid down on 29 May 1956 at Groton, Conn., by the Electric Boat Division of the General Dynamics Corp.; launched on 19 August 1958; sponsored by Mrs. John Will; and commissioned on 10 November 1959, Capt. Edward L. Beach in command.
TRITON put to sea on her shakedown cruise on 15 February 1960, bound for the South Atlantic. She arrived in the middle Atlantic off St. Peter and St. Paul Rocks on 24 February to commence a history-making voyage. Having remained submerged since her departure from the east coast, TRITON continued on south towards Cape Horn, rounded the tip of South America and headed west across the Pacific. After transiting the Philippine and Indonesian archipelagoes and crossing the Indian Ocean, she rounded the Cape of Good Hope and arrived off the St. Peter and Paul Rocks on 10 April - 60 days and 21 hours after departing the mid-ocean landmark. Only once did her sail break the surface of the sea, when she transferred a sick sailor to heavy cruiser MACON (CA 132) off Montevideo, Uruguay, on 5 March. She arrived back at Groton on 10 May, having completed the first submerged circumnavigation of the earth.
TRITON's globe-girdling cruise proved invaluable to the United States. Politically, it enhanced the nation's prestige. From an operational viewpoint, the cruise demonstrated the great submerged endurance and sustained high-speed transit capabilities of the first generation of nuclear-powered submarines. Moreover, during the voyage, the submarine collected reams of oceanographic data. At the cruise's conclusion, TRITON received the Presidential Unit Citation and Captain Beach received the Legion of Merit from President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Following her post-shakedown availability, TRITON assumed her duties as a radar picket submarine in August 1960. She was then deployed to European waters with the 2d Fleet to participate in NATO exercises. She climaxed the deployment with a port visit to Bremerhaven, West Germany.
For the first half of 1961, TRITON conducted operational patrols and training exercises with the Atlantic Fleet. During this period, the rising threat posed by Russian submarine forces increased the Navy's demands for nuclear-powered attack submarines with antisubmarine warfare (ASW) capability. Accordingly, upon the demise of the Navy's radar picket submarine program, TRITON was redesignated SSN 586 on 1 March 1961 and entered the Portsmouth (N.H.) Naval Shipyard in June 1962 for conversion to an attack submarine.
In March 1964, upon completion of this overhaul, TRITON's home port was changed from New London, Conn., to Norfolk, Va. On 13 April 1964, TRITON became the flagship for the Submarine Force, Atlantic Fleet, and served in that role until relieved by submarine RAY (SSN 653) on 1 June 1967. Eleven days later, TRITON was shifted to her original home port of New London.
Because of cutbacks in defense spending, TRITON's scheduled 1967 overhaul was cancelled indefinitely, and the submarine - along with 60 other vessels - was scheduled for inactivation. From October 1968 through May of 1969, the submarine underwent preservation and inactivation processes and was decommissioned on 3 May 1969. On the 6th, TRITON departed New London under tow and proceeded to Norfolk where she was placed in the inactive fleet. She remained berthed at Norfolk into 1980.
TRITON received both a Presidential Unit Citation and a Navy Unit Commendation during her service with the fleet.
General Dynamics, Electric Boat DivisionPropulsion system:
two S4G nuclear reactorsPropellers:
447.2 feet (136.3 meters)Beam:
37 feet (11.3 meters)Draft:
24 feet (7.3 meters)Displacement:
Surfaced: approx. 5,960 tons Speed:
Submerged: approx. 7,780 tons
Surfaced: approx. 27 knots Armament:
Submerged: approx. +20 knots
six 533 mm torpedo tubes
14 Officers, 156 Enlisted